Racial anthropology is the science of method and investigation into the distinctive characteristics and abilities amongst humans that are determined by race.[1]

The modern day meaning of racism is different to the actual meaning of the term. In contemporary times only those of Caucasian descent are typically classified as racists. Racism can range from mere recognition of skin deep differences between races to the acknowledgement that humanity contains a downward spiral, with the White race at the top and the lesser races - such as the Indigenous Australians, Bushmen and Hottentots - at the bottom. It is generally considered an offensive word by White nationalists, the term "racialist" being preferable.

Along with environment, race is a major factor with regards to intelligence, crime and culture. The variety of cultures of the world are formed by races who inhabit them. This view is called cultural determinism. Furthermore, these differing cultures have an impact on the political order of their particular countries.


The term racists was first coined in print by Leon Trotsky, a communist Jew and mass murderer, in a 1930 piece called the History of the Russian Revolution (translated into English in 1932).[2] He coined the term in a paragraph where he is mocking what he called "Slavophilism", which Trotsky claims is the "messianism of backwardness".[3] In the same breath, the paragraph on the so-called racists also speaks of "Teutonic jackasses",[3] thus from the very beginning the term came from the mouth of a communist Jew in a thoroughly Europhobic context. He continues on in a 1933 piece about German socialism, speaking of racism.[4] The -ism itself was popularised largely due to Magnus Hirschfeld, a co-racialist of Trotsky and Sexual Bolshevist agitator in Berlin, in the 1934 work Racism.[5]

Ancient Egypt

The Egyptians grew to despise their Black neighbours, and saw the Negroid areas south of them as a source of slaves and raw materials. The Nubians or Kushites, an ethnic Mediterranean group related to the Egyptians, conquered the lands to the south of Egypt. The Nubians then declined due to miscegenation with black slaves and were thusly conquered by the Egyptians.

When Pharaoh Thutmose I conquered Nubia his scribe wrote this in the Hymn of Victory:

"He hath overthrown the chief of the Nubians, the black is helpless, defenseless in his grasp. He hath united the boundaries of his two sides, there is not a remnant among the curly-haired who can come attack him. There is not a single survivor among them. The Nubian troglodytes fall by the sword and are thrust aside in their lands. Their foulness, it floods their valley and their mouths like a violent flood, the fragments cut from them are too much for the birds, carrying off the prey to another place." [6]

Classical Antiquity

The ancient Greeks noted differences between themselves and others around them. Aristotle records the common Greek view of their eastern neighbors:

"...for because the barbarians are more servile in their nature than the Greeks, and the Asiatics than the Europeans,..."[7]
The Greeks saw this "servility" as a racial characteristic. On the other hand, their self-government was the product of their manliness. Aristotle also notes that "It is manifest therefore that there are cases of people of whom some are freemen and the others slaves by nature, and for these slavery is an institution both expedient and just (δικαιον, righteousness)".[8] Later on, he remarks on other racial characteristics:

"The nations inhabiting the cold places and those of Europe are full of spirit but somewhat deficient in intelligence and skill, so that they continue comparatively free, but lacking in political organization and capacity to rule their neighbors. The peoples of Asia on the other hand are intelligent and skillful in temperament, but lack spirit, so that they are in continuous subjection and slavery."[9]
He goes on to say that the "Greek race participates in both characters...both spirited and intelligent." But says the same diversity exists among the different Greek races.

Aristotle's and the Greeks' conception of racial characteristics is based on the environment and the soul, not the color of skin.[10][11] The Greeks as a metaphysical thinking people saw the basis of difference in the spiritual side of mankind, i.e. the soul and not in the materialistic reasoning of the modern era.

Within the Greek races, the Ionian Greeks were very different from Doric Greeks.

On the other hand the Romans were very different from the ancient Greeks. Where the Greeks were a race tied to metaphysical thinking, the Romans were a very down-to-earth people. The Romans were noted for their pragmatism and practicalness. They were not innovators in science, philosophy or metaphysics but copied their forms from the Greeks. Their expertise lay in architecture, Law, and military.

Medieval Age

15th century Portuguese painting. A Black domestic servant is shown serving dinner to a Portuguese family.
During the 16th and 17th centuries over 30,000 Black slaves were imported into Portugal and regarded as an inferior race.[12][13] They were commonly referred to as Hamites who were in service to Europeans due to the curse on their father Ham, who had become "blackened" by his sins. A similar situation of Negro slavery was the case in England until in 1601, all 20,000 Blacks in London were expelled by Queen Elizabeth. [14]

During this time period Martin Luther also wrote "On the Jews and Their Lies,"[15] in which "he advocated that Jewish synagogues and schools be burned, their homes razed and destroyed, their writings confiscated, their rabbis forbidden to teach, their travel restricted, that lending money be outlawed for them, and that they be forced to earn their wages in farming. Luther advised if we wish to wash our hands of the Jews' blasphemy and not share in their guilt, we have to part company with them. "They must be driven from our country" and "we must drive them out like mad dogs." [16]

Modern Age

The word ”Racism” was first used in 1933 by Magnus Hirchfeld a German, Jewish, homosexual Marxist and founder of the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft (Institute for Sexual Research) in Berlin. The institute was a part of the Frankfurter School which had its ideal in the Marx-Egels Institute of Moscow.

The book with the same name (Racism) was published in 1933 in German and later translated to English in 1938 by the Marxist/communist friends (Maurice Eden Paul and Cedar Paul) of Hirschfeld. The word was the frequently used especially after 1945.

The word was given the content as a hatred against almost everything European, especially the European white heterosexual male with Aryan Indo-European values. Bolshevik-ruled USSR was especially condemned by its usage.

Racism in modern times has become a pejorative term and is viewed negatively by most people. In historical terms, this is a recent development. As early as the beginning of the 20th Century, racism was the predominate world view and was used to justify European expansion and conquest of non-white populations. The current struggle against racism represents the reversal of White hegemony: the taking of power and territory from White people in all parts of the world. It is a struggle in which the White populations of today are losing.

↑ Oxford English Dictionary (OED), 20 vol. set
↑ Dustin Stanley (7 January 2010). ""Racist" -- A Word Invented by USSR's Leon Trotsky".
↑ 3.0 3.1 Leon Trotsky (1930). "The History of the Russian Revolution".
↑ Leon Trotsky (June 1933). "What Is National Socialism?".
↑ Samuel Francis (5 May 1999). ""Racism" - The Curious Beginnings of a Useless Word".
↑ Aristotle, Politics, Book III, 9, �3; 1285a 20; Loeb, pg 249.
↑ Aristotle, Politics, Book I ii 15; 1255a 1-5; Loeb, pg 23-24.
↑ Aristotle, Politics, Book VII vi 1-2; 1327b20-35; Loeb, pg 565-567
↑ "...the Greeks were what we may call environmentalists: they typically attributed differences of appearance and of custom to the influence of geography and climate". Dinesh D'Souza, The End of Racism, The Free Press, NY, 1995. pg 40
↑ In a modern materialistic age, the ancient Greek mentality is greatly overlooked. Aristotle writes that difference is of a spiritual (metaphysical) nature: "...slaves have bodies of freemen and freemen the souls only." Politics, Bk I ii 14; 1254b 34; Loeb pg 23. The difference resides in the soul one possesses.