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The Mystery Of The Disappearance Of Greenlands' Vikings

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  • reynolds
    Senior Member
    • Oct 2018
    • 1981

    The Mystery Of The Disappearance Of Greenlands' Vikings

    The Mystery of the Disappearance of the Viking Colony in Greenland





    There were times when all Europe was trembling at the mention of Vikings. These brave sailors on their swift ships made bold raids on coastal towns and villages, collected tribute and destroyed the unruly.




    A special page in the history of the Vikings is the development of Greenland by them. Excavations on this island showed that the Vikings flourished here for hundreds of years, trading with Europe and, probably, even with native American tribes. The history of the development of the Vikings of the North Atlantic began with Iceland, near the shores of which around 860 the Norwegian Nadcod and Swede Gardar Swarvarsson visited each other independently. Their stories about the new land prompted the Norwegian Raven Floka to go there with a view to found a colony. The colonists could hardly endure the harsh winter, so the island was called Iceland – “Ice Ground”.


    By the 70th years of the X century. in Iceland there were already about 50 thousand colonists.
    It was during this period that the colony began a terrible famine, when many wanted to leave the island and go in search of a better share. Soon such an opportunity presented itself to them. In 982, Erik Torvalds, nicknamed Redhead because of his fiery hair and repeatedly accused of murder, in a quarrel with his neighbor, killed his two sons. For this crime, Eric was not executed, but sentenced to only three years of expulsion from Iceland In the summer of 982, Eric’s ship was already circling the southern extremity of the mysterious land. Soon he liked one picturesque place with meadows covered with thick grass and flowers, in addition, his fjords, it reminded travelers of their native places. Eric called this land Greenland – “Green Country”.


    The number of colonists gradually grew. According to archaeologists, there was a period when at least 3 thousand Vikings lived on the island. Vikings settled some distance from the sea along the fjords, which reminded them of their native places. The construction of a farm in Greenland was difficult because of the lack of large trees. The source of the wood was practically one fin. Houses were built of fin, stone or turf. To ensure sufficient insulation from severe frosts, the walls of some buildings made a thickness of 2 m and even more. Among the excavated archaeologists of the farms of the Western settlement there is a so-called farm under the sand. Scientists have found here many interesting subjects that allow us to imagine the way of life of the Vikings in Greenland. One of the excavated buildings was truly gigantic: in order to erect such a structure from the turf, it was necessary to tear it down on an area of ​​about 1000 square meters.


    The summer in Greenland was too short to grow cereals, so the Vikings most likely did without beer and bread. Settlers bred domestic animals – goats, sheep and even cows, slaughtered them very moderately, mainly using secondary livestock products – milk and cheese. At first, the settlers differed little from their compatriots left in Iceland and Scandinavia. They sniffed fish and hunted seals and deer. The Greenland Vikings made clothes from wool and flax, sometimes using fur of arctic hares. To survive, the colonists supported trade with Scandinavia. In exchange for iron, grain and timber from Europe, they offered bears and polar fox skins, narwhal tusks and strong walrus skins. It is possible that the Vikings from Greenland went for timber, even to North America. The remains of the Viking buildings in Newfoundland indicate their short stay on this continent. Black death (plague) mowed Norway, destroying two-thirds of the population. The plague also struck Iceland, killing a third of its inhabitants. ” Read more ...




    The viking's ruins are still visible in Greenland



    https://dailyarchives.org/index.php/...rchives.org%29

  • reynolds
    Senior Member
    • Oct 2018
    • 1981

    #2

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